Rosenbaum, D. A. Human Motor Control (Elsevier, 2010).
Mayrhofer, J. M. et al. Distinct contributions of whisker sensory cortex and tongue-jaw motor cortex in a goal-directed sensorimotor transformation. Neuron 103, 1034–1043.e5 (2019).
Chen, T.-W., Li, N., Daie, K. & Svoboda, K. A map of anticipatory activity in mouse motor cortex. Neuron 94, 866–879.e4 (2017).
Economo, M. N. et al. Distinct descending motor cortex pathways and their roles in movement. Nature 563, 79–84 (2018).
Gao, Z. et al. A cortico-cerebellar loop for motor planning. Nature 563, 113–116 (2018).
Guo, Z. V. et al. Flow of cortical activity underlying a tactile decision in mice. Neuron 81, 179–194 (2014).
Inagaki, H. K., Fontolan, L., Romani, S. & Svoboda, K. Discrete attractor dynamics underlies persistent activity in the frontal cortex. Nature 566, 212–217 (2019).
Li, N., Chen, T.-W., Guo, Z. V., Gerfen, C. R. & Svoboda, K. A motor cortex circuit for motor planning and movement. Nature 519, 51–56 (2015).
Li, N., Daie, K., Svoboda, K. & Druckmann, S. Robust neuronal dynamics in premotor cortex during motor planning. Nature 532, 459–464 (2016).
Komiyama, T. et al. Learning-related fine-scale specificity imaged in motor cortex circuits of behaving mice. Nature 464, 1182–1186 (2010).
Kurnikova, A., Moore, J. D., Liao, S.-M., Deschênes, M. & Kleinfeld, D. Coordination of orofacial motor actions into exploratory behavior by rat. Curr. Biol. 27, 688–696 (2017).
McElvain, L. E. et al. Circuits in the rodent brainstem that control whisking in concert with other orofacial motor actions. Neuroscience 368, 152–170 (2018).
Welker, W. I. Analysis of sniffing of the albino rat 1). Behaviour 22, 223–244 (1964).
Chartier, J., Anumanchipalli, G. K., Johnson, K. & Chang, E. F. Encoding of articulatory kinematic trajectories in human speech sensorimotor cortex. Neuron 98, 1042–1054.e4 (2018).
Svoboda, K. & Li, N. Neural mechanisms of movement planning: motor cortex and beyond. Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 49, 33–41 (2018).
Ayling, O. G. S., Harrison, T. C., Boyd, J. D., Goroshkov, A. & Murphy, T. H. Automated light-based mapping of motor cortex by photoactivation of channelrhodopsin-2 transgenic mice. Nat. Methods 6, 219–224 (2009).
Guo, J.-Z. et al. Cortex commands the performance of skilled movement. eLife 4, e10774 (2015).
Clemens, A. M., Fernandez Delgado, Y., Mehlman, M. L., Mishra, P. & Brecht, M. Multisensory and motor representations in rat oral somatosensory cortex. Sci. Rep. 8, 13556 (2018).
Proske, U. & Gandevia, S. C. The proprioceptive senses: their roles in signaling body shape, body position and movement, and muscle force. Physiol. Rev. 92, 1651–1697 (2012).
Franklin, D. W. & Wolpert, D. M. Computational mechanisms of sensorimotor control. Neuron 72, 425–442 (2011).
Shadmehr, R., Smith, M. A. & Krakauer, J. W. Error correction, sensory prediction, and adaptation in motor control. Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 33, 89–108 (2010).
Chesler, A. T. et al. The role of PIEZO2 in human mechanosensation. N. Engl. J. Med. 375, 1355–1364 (2016).
Inagaki, H. K., Inagaki, M., Romani, S. & Svoboda, K. Low-dimensional and monotonic preparatory activity in mouse anterior lateral motor cortex. J. Neurosci. 38, 4163–4185 (2018).
Stapleton, J. R. Rapid taste responses in the gustatory cortex during licking. J. Neurosci. 26, 4126–4138 (2006).
Accolla, R., Bathellier, B., Petersen, C. C. H. & Carleton, A. Differential spatial representation of taste modalities in the rat gustatory cortex. J. Neurosci. 27, 1396–1404 (2007).
Jin, X. & Costa, R. M. Start/stop signals emerge in nigrostriatal circuits during sequence learning. Nature 466, 457–462 (2010).
Kriegeskorte, N. & Douglas, P. K. Interpreting encoding and decoding models. Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 55, 167–179 (2019).
Russo, A. A. et al. Neural trajectories in the supplementary motor area and motor cortex exhibit distinct geometries, compatible with different classes of computation. Neuron 107, 745–758.e6 (2020).
Russo, A. A. et al. Motor cortex embeds muscle-like commands in an untangled population response. Neuron 97, 953–966.e8 (2018).
Evarts, E. V. & Tanji, J. Reflex and intended responses in motor cortex pyramidal tract neurons of monkey. J. Neurophysiol. 39, 1069–1080 (1976).
Heindorf, M., Arber, S. & Keller, G. B. Mouse motor cortex coordinates the behavioral response to unpredicted sensory feedback. Neuron 99, 1040–1054.e5 (2018).
Pruszynski, J. A. et al. Primary motor cortex underlies multi-joint integration for fast feedback control. Nature 478, 387–390 (2011).
Scott, S. H., Cluff, T., Lowrey, C. R. & Takei, T. Feedback control during voluntary motor actions. Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 33, 85–94 (2015).
Stavisky, S. D., Kao, J. C., Ryu, S. I. & Shenoy, K. V. Motor cortical visuomotor feedback activity is initially isolated from downstream targets in output-null neural state space dimensions. Neuron 95, 195–208.e9 (2017).
Bollu, T. et al. Cortex-dependent corrections as the tongue reaches for and misses targets. Nature 594, 82–87 (2021).
Tanji, J. Sequential organization of multiple movements: involvement of cortical motor areas. Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 24, 631–651 (2001).
Desrochers, T. M., Burk, D. C., Badre, D. & Sheinberg, D. L. The monitoring and control of task sequences in human and non-human primates. Front. Syst. Neurosci. 9, 185 (2016).
Shima, K. & Tanji, J. Neuronal activity in the supplementary and presupplementary motor areas for temporal organization of multiple movements. J. Neurophysiol. 84, 2148–2160 (2000).
Tanji, J. & Shima, K. Role for supplementary motor area cells in planning several movements ahead. Nature 371, 413–416 (1994).
Sohn, J.-W. & Lee, D. Order-dependent modulation of directional signals in the supplementary and presupplementary motor areas. J. Neurosci. 27, 13655–13666 (2007).
Chabrol, F. P., Blot, A. & Mrsic-Flogel, T. D. Cerebellar contribution to preparatory activity in motor neocortex. Neuron 103, 506–519.e4 (2019).
Vong, L. et al. Leptin action on GABAergic neurons prevents obesity and reduces inhibitory tone to POMC neurons. Neuron 71, 142–154 (2011).
Madisen, L. et al. A toolbox of Cre-dependent optogenetic transgenic mice for light-induced activation and silencing. Nat. Neurosci. 15, 793–802 (2012).
Zhao, S. et al. Cell type-specific channelrhodopsin-2 transgenic mice for optogenetic dissection of neural circuitry function. Nat. Methods 8, 745–752 (2011).
Savitt, J. M. Bcl-x is required for proper development of the mouse substantia nigra. J. Neurosci. 25, 6721–6728 (2005).
Taniguchi, H. et al. A resource of Cre driver lines for genetic targeting of GABAergic neurons in cerebral cortex. Neuron 71, 995–1013 (2011).
Zhou, X. et al. Deletion of PIK3C3/Vps34 in sensory neurons causes rapid neurodegeneration by disrupting the endosomal but not the autophagic pathway. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 107, 9424–9429 (2010).
He, K., Zhang, X., Ren, S. & Sun, J. Deep residual learning for image recognition. Proc. IEEE Conf. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 770–778 (2016).
Badrinarayanan, V., Kendall, A. & Cipolla, R. SegNet: a deep convolutional encoder-decoder architecture for image segmentation. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 39, 2481–2495 (2017).
Mowery, T. M., Kotak, V. C. & Sanes, D. H. Transient hearing loss within a critical period causes persistent changes to cellular properties in adult auditory cortex. Cereb. Cortex 25, 2083–2094 (2015).
Pachitariu, M., Steinmetz, N. A., Kadir, S. N., Carandini, M. & Harris, K. D. Fast and accurate spike sorting of high-channel count probes with KiloSort. Adv. Neural Inf. Process. Syst. https://papers.nips.cc/paper/2016/file/1145a30ff80745b56fb0cecf65305017-Paper.pdf (2016).
Hill, D. N., Mehta, S. B. & Kleinfeld, D. Quality metrics to accompany spike sorting of extracellular signals. J. Neurosci. 31, 8699–8705 (2011).
Navratilova, Z., Godfrey, K. B. & McNaughton, B. L. Grids from bands, or bands from grids? An examination of the effects of single unit contamination on grid cell firing fields. J. Neurophysiol. 115, 992–1002 (2016).
Saravanan, V., Berman, G. J. & Sober, S. J. Application of the hierarchical bootstrap to multi-level data in neuroscience. Preprint at https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.07797 (2020).
Williams, A. H. & Linderman, S. W. Statistical neuroscience in the single trial limit. Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 70, 193–205 (2021).
Zou, H. & Hastie, T. Regularization and variable selection via the elastic net. J. R. Stat. Soc. Ser. B Stat. Methodol. 67, 301–320 (2005).